Mike Tindall has become the final member of England's 2003 World Cup-winning team to retire.
The former England captain was player-coach at Gloucester last season but has not been offered a new contract.
The 35-year-old centre, who joined Gloucester from Bath in 2005, won 75 caps for his country.
"It wasn't a hard decision in the end. It was a case of staying another year at Gloucester or retiring," he told BBC Radio 5 live.
"I didn't want to go and play at another club so it was an easy decision."
Tindall's decision comes four days after former team-mate and close friend Iain Balshaw became the penultimate member of the 2003 World Cup-winning side to retire.
Tindall, who captained England in 2011, played 181 games for Gloucester and had considered continuing as a coach at Kingsholm, prior to the sacking of director of rugby Nigel Davies in May.
"I've had 17 years in the game, so I thought it might be nice to have a bit of time away to see if I wanted to still be in the environment, or out doing something else," added Tindall.
"There's personal ambitions I'm sad about missing. I would have loved to have said I was at a club for 10 years, but it doesn't always work out the way you want it to.
"No way would I change anything or feel sad about anything.
"I can say now I've done eight years at Bath, which I loved, and had nine fantastic years at Gloucester. I can be really proud of those times and I think it's the way I wanted it to finish."
|World Cup winners - Where are they now?|
|Sir Clive Woodward. Retired 2005.Now a Team GB ambassador and a newspaper columnist.|
|Josh Lewsey. Retired in 2011.Now head of rugby at the Welsh Rugby Union.|
|Jason Robinson. Retired in 2007.Now works on grassroots projects for the RFU.|
|Will Greenwood. Retired 2006.Now TV presenter/pundit and a newspaper columnist.|
|Ben Cohen. Retired in 2011.Launched a charity to help combat bullying in the UK.|
|Jonny Wilkinson. Retired in 2014.Now kicking and skills coach at Toulon.|
|Matt Dawson. Retired 2006.Now TV presenter and pundit for the BBC.|
|Trevor Woodman. Retired 2005.Now scrum coach at Gloucester.|
|Steve Thompson. Retired 2011.Now based in Dubai as ambassador for a Children's charity.|
|Phil Vickery. Retired 2010.Runs successful sportswear firm.|
|Martin Johnson. Retired 2005.Now concentrating on media work and public speaking.|
|Ben Kay. Retired 2010.Now works as a TV pundit.|
|Richard Hill. Retired 2008.Now works in business development.|
|Neil Back. Retired in 2005.Now works as a coach.|
|Lawrence Dallaglio. Retired 2008.Fundraiser and helps young people find opportunities through sport|
|Dorian West. Retired 2003.Forwards coach at Northampton Saints.|
|Jason Leonard. Retired 2004.Now working in construction, and raises funds for disabled and disadvantaged children.|
|Martin Corry. Retired 2009.Now works in sales.|
|Lewis Moody. Retired 2012.Runs his own coaching company.|
|Kyran Bracken. Retired 2006.Director of a construction company.|
|Mike Catt. Retired 2010.Now England's attack coach.|
|Iain Balshaw. Retired 2014.Penultimate member of the World Cup-winning line-up to retire.|