Ulama: Mchezo wa jadi unaorudi kwa kishindo baada ya kupigwa marufuku karne tano zilizopita

Mexican Uriel Ordaz, player of a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama", in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Kundi la vijana wa Mexico linafufua mchezo wa jadi wa mpira uliowahi kuchezwa na jamii za Aztecs, Maya and Incas.

Mchezo wa 'Ulama' ulichezwa huko Mesoamerica zaidi ya karne tano zilizopita kabla ya watawala wa Uhispani kuwasili katika eneo hilo mnamo 1519.

Wachezaji wanaovaa mikanda maalum na vitambara vy kujifinika sehemu zao za siri wanasukuma mpira kwa viuno vyao. Mpira wenyewe unaweza kuwa na uzito wa hadi 4kg.

Ricardo Campos, a player of the pre-Columbian ballgame Ulama, hits a solid rubber ball with his hip Haki miliki ya picha AFP
A man plays a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- which rule is to hit a "Ulamaloni" (solid rubber ball) with the hip or shoulder, during a match at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP
A man plays a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- which rule is to hit a "Ulamaloni" (solid rubber ball) with the hip or shoulder, during a match at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Wakati inaaminika kuwa kuna aina tofauti za mchezo huo, mara nyingi ilidhaniwa ulihusisha timu hasimu zilizokabiliana ana kwa ana, kila upande ukiwa unasalia katika sehemu nusu ya upande wake na kupasisha mpira kutoka timu moja hadi nyingine pasi kuuangusha mpira.

Men play a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Tlachtli" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- which rule is to hit a "Ulamaloni" (solid rubber ball) with the hip or shoulder, during a match at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019. Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Katikaaina nyingine za mchezo huo, ulichezwa katika eneo lililozungukwa kwa kuta za mawe lenye mduara uliomfano wa vikapu kama katika mpira wa vikapu.

Dancers and players perform ahead of a game of Ulama in Mexico City on 21 August, 2019. Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Wakati mchezo wa Ulama unafufuliwa katika baadhi ya maeneo ya kale Mexico, mji mkuu hauku na sehemu ya kuchezea mchezo huo hadi hivi karibuni wakati kumejengwa eneo la kitamaduni katika sehemu ya kutupa taka katika mtaa wa Azcapotzalco.

Emmanuel Kakalotl ni mkufunzi katika uwanja huo mpya. "Mchezo huu ulikuwa umesahaulika," ameliambia shirika la habari la AFP.

"Ulipinduliwa miaka 500 iliyopita, lakini sasa tunaufufua upya," anafafanua.

Dancers perform ahead of a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- which rule is to hit a "Ulamaloni" (solid rubber ball) with the hip or shoulder, at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Wanawakepia wanaingia katika utamaduni huu wa jadi.

Beatriz Campos mwenye umri wa miaka 25 ni mmojawapo. "Sisi ni mashujaa wanawake moyoni, kwasababu sio rahisi. sio kila mu anaweza kucheza mchezo huu. Inataka mazoezi mengi, na mwili huchoka," anasema.

Kabla ya mchezo kuanza hufanya tambiko kwa kuchoma na kufukiza matawi ya mti maalum.

Mexican Beatriz Campos, player of a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- performs the "Copal" ceremony ahead of a match at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019. Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Mchezo wa Ulama unaaminika kuwa tambiko za kitamaduni na kidini na wachezaji hii leo mjini Mexico huvaa mavazi maalum kufanya tambiko kabla ya kuingia uwanjani.

Mexican players Fernando Lopez (left) and Jorge de Jesus Trujillo (right) pose with the rubber ball Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Huwakilisha mambo toafuati tukufu kama Mictlantecuhtli, Mungu wa wafu.

Mexican dancer Isaac Luna, who represents "Mictlantecuhtli" (deity of the dead in the Mexica mythology) in a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language-, poses for a photograph during a photo session at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP
Mexican dancer Jorge de Jesus Trujillo, who represents "Mictlantecuhtli" (deity of the dead in the Mexica mythology) in the pre-Columbian ballgame Ulama poses for a photograph in Mexico City on 21 August, 2019. Haki miliki ya picha AFP

Mchezo huo umekubalika na wengi mjini Mexico baadhi ambao wanasema badala ya kuuokoa mchezo wa Ulama, mchezo huo umewaokoa wao kwa kufanikiwa kuwapa malengo mapya.

Mexican Elena Garcia, dancer of a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- and whose costume represents her name "Aquetzalli Tlayotzin" (precious water heart of the earth), poses for a photograph during a photo session at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019. Haki miliki ya picha AFP
Mexican Enrique Villegas, player of a pre-Columbian ballgame called "Ulama" -in Nahuatl indigenous language- poses for a photograph hitting a "Ulamaloni" (solid rubber ball) with his hip, during a photo session at the FARO Poniente cultural centre in Mexico City on August 21, 2019 Haki miliki ya picha AFP

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