2009年8月7日 格林尼治标准时间08:05北京时间16:05

Off, Out and Away 动词短语的区别

I often see verbs with the similar endings out, off and away. I want to know if there's a way to remember them other than just memorising them.

Rose

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This week's question comes from Rose who wants some help learning phrasal verbs.

She noticed that some phrasal verbs have similar endings, such as off, out and away, and wonders whether this means phrasal verbs with these endings have similar meanings.

Finn said that unfortunately phrasal verbs with similar endings can mean very different things.

For example both these phrasal verbs end in off.

Kick off 开始
Clock off 下班

A dentist

Do you put off going to the dentist?

But they mean very different things. Kick off means to begin, while clock off means to finish working.

Tricky?

Sadly there are few shortcuts to learning phrasal verbs. But Finn offers three learning strategies to help you.

Here they are:

1. Learn new phrasal verbs in a sentence.

Put off 推迟

Sheila hated going to the dentist so she put it off and put it off, until she couldn't put it off any longer.

2. Try to learn words that go together with your phrasal verb.

Put out 熄灭

Cigarette, fire. To put out a cigarette. He put out the fire.

3. Learn phrasal verbs in groups, for example:

3.1 By first verb - GO

Go out 离开,出去
Go away 离开,外出
Go off 不再喜欢,变质

3.2 Or by ending - OUT

Chill out 放松一下
Freak out 抓狂,疯掉了
Hang out 闲

3.3 Or by theme - USING THE PHONE

A woman on the telephone

Hang up 挂电话
Call back 回电话

Hold on 稍等

We hope this helps you with learning phrasal verbs. If you have any other questions, please email them to questions@chinaelt.bbc.co.uk

Glossary 词汇

phrasal verbs 短语动词
endings 结尾
tricky 困难
shortcuts 捷径
learning strategies 学习策略
theme 题目


联络/荐言

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