Lingohack - про органи з 3D-принтерів
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Lingohack - про органи з 3D-принтерів

Урок англійської цілковито присвячений технологічним новинкам. У новому Lingohack вивчаємо лексику про друкування органів на 3D-принтері.

Тема уроку:

3D printing human anatomy

Вивчаємо лексику на тему:

human biology

Корисна лексика:

  • anatomy – структура організму рослини чи тварини
  • organs – частина тіла, яка виконує конкретну функцію
  • abdomen (тут) частина людського тіла, де міститься шлунок
  • cadavers – мертві людські тіла

Знайдіть відповідь на таке:

What is the problem with plastic models of the body?

Текст:

Medical students attempting what many of us might see as impossible - trying to learn and memorise human anatomy. It really is no mean feat.

Professor Reddy Mogali, Head of Anatomy, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine

There are so many structures in the body. The organs in the abdomen - they're relatively easy - but the head and neck anatomies, I felt, is a more complex because of the intricate structures.

Traditionally, students have used plastic models to learn about the body, but they're rigid and generally not anatomically accurate. There are also plastinated cadavers, real human bodies injected with Plasticine, but they also have their drawbacks.

And because they're actual human bodies, they are very hard to come by. Professor Mogali was searching for a better way.

Professor Reddy Mogali, Head of Anatomy, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine

So, when I was reading, I learnt about 3D printing technology. I thought, 'OK, we can also use this technology.'

Others in the field were 3D printing models of human body parts. Professor Mogali took this a step further. He realised if they used multiple different materials, they can make parts of the body, such as the veins or bones, feel different and even be different colours. Here after 15 hours on the printer, you have an anatomically correct model of the heart.

Relatively cheaper and easier to replicate, they can be used in countries that might otherwise, perhaps for religious reasons, may not have access to real human cadavers, helping to better educate the next generation of doctors.

То як, знайшли?

What is the problem with plastic models of the body?

They are rigid and generally not anatomically accurate.

А ви знали?

According to a 2009 Japanese study, the human body is bioluminescent – it gives off light naturally, but it's not strong enough for our eyes to see. Humans glimmer.

Інші мовні уроки на сторінці BBC Learning English.