Урок англійської Lingohack: жінка, яка не відчуває болю
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Урок англійської Lingohack: жінка, яка не відчуває болю

В мовному уроці на основі телезаголовків розповідаємо про британку з генними мутаціями. Їй ніколи нічого не болить.

Новина:

The woman who feels no pain

Вивчаємо лексику на тему:

Pain

Корисні вислови:

  • pain sensitivity – наскільки сильно людина відчуває біль
  • response to pain – фізична, психічна чи хімічна реакція, яка трапляється під час відчуття болю
  • pain thresholds – рівні чи точки, коли біль стає нестерпним
  • chronic pain – біль, який не припиняється тривалий час

Знайдіть відповідь на таке:

What other effects do Jo's unusual genetic mutations bring?

Текст:

She's had her teeth knocked out, broken her arm, suffered serious burns, yet Jo Cameron didn't feel any of it. The 71-year-old retired lecturer has a complete lack of pain sensitivity.

Jo Cameron

I put my arm on something and only realise it's burning when I can smell flesh burning - so it's not clumsiness.

The normal reaction is you cut yourself or burn yourself once, maybe twice, then you avoid that because your brain says 'don't do that'. Well, my brain doesn't say 'don't do that'.

This is Joe with her husband and doctor eating super-hot chillies - a breeze for her.

Scientists have analysed her genes and found she has two DNA mutations. One seems to silence the response to pain and boost mood receptors in the brain. It is hoped the discovery could help others.

Professor John Wood, University College London

What we found is actually a new genetic mechanism that seems to be able to regulate pain thresholds and what we hope to do in the future is exploit this knowledge to perhaps develop new treatments for the millions of people that suffer ongoing chronic pain.

Jo Cameron

I can't stop being happy and I do forget things.

Jo's unusual gene mutations also boost her spirits and she's never felt anxious, but it also affects memory. She has always been forgetful, but it's her inability to feel pain which most fascinates scientists and may ultimately help others.

То як, знайшли?

What other effects do Jo's unusual genetic mutations bring?

Her genetic mutations boost her spirits, stop her feeling anxious but also affect her memory.

Інші мовні уроки на сторінці BBC Learning English.

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